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Lice Infestation (Pediculosis)

What is Lice Infestation?

Lice infestation is a condition where tiny insects called lice live on the skin, hair, or clothing of a person and feed on their blood. Lice can cause itching, irritation, and sometimes infections. Lice can be spread by close contact with an infested person or by sharing personal items such as hats, combs, or towels. There are different types of lice that affect different parts of the body, such as head lice, body lice, and pubic lice.

dermatologist-treating-lice

What are the signs and symptoms of Lice Infestation?

Some of the signs and symptoms of lice infestation are:

  • Intense itching on the scalp, body or in the genital area. This is an allergic reaction to louse bites.
  • A tickling feeling from movement of hair. This is caused by the lice crawling on the skin or hair.
  • The presence of lice on the scalp, body, clothing, or pubic or other body hair. Adult lice may be about the size of a sesame seed or slightly larger. They are tan or grayish in color and avoid light.
  • Lice eggs (nits) on hair shafts. Nits are tiny, oval-shaped eggs that stick to hair shafts near the scalp. They may be white, yellow, or brown in color and may look like dandruff, but they cannot be easily brushed out of hair.
  • Sores on the scalp, neck and shoulders. Scratching can lead to small red bumps that may sometimes get infected with bacteria.
  • Bite marks, especially around the waist, groin, upper thighs and pubic area. These are caused by the lice feeding on blood from the skin.

What treatments are available at the dermatologist for Lice Infestation?

Some of the treatments that are available at the dermatologist for lice infestation are:

  • Prescription shampoos or lotions that contain different ingredients than the over-the-counter products. These may include malathion, benzyl alcohol, or spinosad. These products are applied to the hair and scalp and left for a certain amount of time before rinsing. They may be more effective against lice that are resistant to other treatments.
  • Oral prescription drug such as ivermectin. This is a tablet that is taken by mouth and kills lice by affecting their nervous system. It is usually given in two doses, eight days apart. This drug is typically used when other treatments have not been effective or when there is a widespread infestation.
  • Manual removal of lice and nits. This involves using a fine-tooth comb or a special device to comb through the hair and remove the lice and their eggs. This method can be time-consuming and tedious, but it can be done at home or with the help of a professional. Manual removal may be necessary in addition to other treatments, especially for pubic lice or eyelash lice.
kid-with-lices

FAQ About Lice Infestation

How is lice infestation diagnosed?

Lice infestation is diagnosed by examining the hair and scalp for nits, nymphs (immature lice), or adult lice. A fine-toothed comb or a special device may be used to comb through the hair and remove the lice and nits. A magnifying glass or a microscope may be needed to see the lice or nits clearlySometimes, a skin scraping or a hair sample may be taken and sent to a laboratory for confirmation.

Is lice infestation a sign of poor hygiene or an unclean environment?

  •  No. Lice infestation is not a sign of poor hygiene or an unclean environment. Anyone can get lice regardless of their personal cleanliness or living conditions. Lice are not attracted to dirt or grease, but to human blood. Lice can infest people of any age, gender, race, or socioeconomic status.

Can lice infestation affect other animals or pets?

No. Lice are species-specific, meaning they only infest humans and do not affect other animals or pets. Lice cannot be transmitted from animals to humans or vice versa.

Can lice infestation be cured?

Yes. Lice infestation can be cured with proper treatment and prevention measures. However, it may take some time and effort to get rid of all the lice and nits from the hair and the environment. It is important to follow the instructions for the treatment carefully and to repeat the treatment after 7 to 10 days to kill any newly hatched lice. It is also important to check the hair and scalp regularly for signs of reinfestation and to treat it promptly if needed.

 

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for Lice Infestation?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for Lice Infestation to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Rubella (German Measles)

    What is Rubella?

    Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus that can cause a red rash on the skin, fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes. It is also known as German measles or three-day measles. Rubella is usually mild, but it can cause serious problems for unborn babies if their mothers get infected during pregnancy. 

    woman-couch-feeling-sick

    What are the signs and symptoms of Rubella?

    The signs and symptoms of rubella are usually mild and may include a red rash, fever, headache, runny nose, red eyes, swollen lymph nodes, joint pain, and general discomfort. Some people may not have any symptoms at all. The rash typically starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body, and lasts for about three days. The symptoms usually appear two to three weeks after exposure to the virus.

    What are the causes of Rubella?

    • Rubella is caused by a virus that can be spread through direct contact with the saliva or mucus of an infected person, or through the air by respiratory droplets from coughing or sneezing.
    • Humans are the only known host of the rubella virus.
    • Rubella can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her unborn baby, which can result in serious birth defects or fetal death.

    FAQ About Rubella

    How is rubella transmitted?

    The rubella virus is transmitted by airborne droplets when infected people sneeze or cough. Humans are the only known host. Rubella can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her unborn baby, which can result in serious birth defects or fetal death.

    How is rubella diagnosed?

    Rubella can be diagnosed by a blood test that detects antibodies to the virus. A positive test indicates either a current or past infection. A negative test indicates that the person is susceptible to rubella and should be vaccinatedRubella can also be confirmed by isolating the virus from a throat swab or urine sample.

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for Rubella?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for Rubella to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Scarlet Fever

    What is Scarlet Fever

    Scarlet fever is an infection that stems from the Group A Streptococcus (“strep”) bacteria. One of its hallmark signs is a rash with a texture resembling sandpaper, accompanied by other related symptoms. This condition typically follows a strep infection in the throat, commonly known as strep pharyngitis or strep throat, although it can also occur after a strep skin infection. The rash observed in scarlet fever is a result of a toxin produced by the strep bacteria.

    In the past, scarlet fever used to be prevalent among children aged 2 to 10; however, it has become relatively uncommon nowadays. The reasons for this shift remain unknown, particularly considering that there hasn’t been a decrease in the incidence of strep throat or strep skin infections.

    woman-couch-feeling-sick

    What are the signs and symptoms of Scarlet Fever

    Scarlet fever is typically set off by an infection in the throat caused by strep bacteria. This leads to the emergence of the following symptoms:

    • Fever and shivering
    • Headache
    • Throat that is red and painful
    • Enlarged tonsils
    • Lymph nodes in the neck that are swollen (often called “swollen glands”)

    Around 12 to 48 hours after these symptoms manifest, the characteristic rash of scarlet fever begins. This rash is vividly red, akin to sunburn, and it frequently possesses a delicate texture resembling sandpaper or goosebumps. Initially, it tends to appear in areas like the underarms, groin, and neck, subsequently spreading to the torso, back, arms, and legs. Additional symptoms of scarlet fever encompass:

    • A lightened area encircling the mouth
    • A white-coated tongue with red dots (referred to as white strawberry tongue)
    • A red strawberry tongue or raspberry tongue, which arises when the white coating on the tongue sheds and reveals a red surface with red dots
    • Darkened or reddened skin creases, particularly noticeable in the elbow’s bend, referred to as Pastia’s lines

    Occasionally, scarlet fever follows a skin infection caused by streptococcus bacteria, such as infections in burns, wounds, or impetigo. In these instances, the rash and associated skin symptoms materialize, but there are no concurrent symptoms linked to strep throat.

    What are the causes of Scarlet Fever

    Scarlet fever is caused by a type of bacteria called Group A streptococcus (Group A strep), which can also cause strep throat. Sometimes, the bacteria produce a toxin that makes the skin turn red and bumpy. This is what causes the rash of scarlet feverScarlet fever is contagious and can spread through contact with an infected person or their respiratory droplets.

    FAQ About Scarlet Fever

    How is scarlet fever transmitted?

    Scarlet fever is highly contagious and can spread through respiratory droplets from coughs and sneezes of an infected person. It can also be contracted by touching surfaces or objects contaminated with the bacteria.

    How is scarlet fever spread?

    Scarlet fever is spread by contact with an infected person or their respiratory droplets. 

    Is scarlet fever contagious?

    Yes, scarlet fever is contagious. It can spread from person to person until 24 hours after starting antibiotics.

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for Scarlet Fever?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for Scarlet Fever to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Necrotizing Fasciitis

    What is Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-eating Bacteria)

    Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare but serious bacterial infection that causes the death of the skin and underlying tissues. It can affect any part of the body, but it is more common in the limbs, genitals, and abdomen. It can spread quickly and can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. The symptoms include severe pain, fever, redness, swelling, blisters, and black spots on the skin. The bacteria that cause necrotizing fasciitis usually enter the body through a wound or injury. People with weak immune systems, diabetes, obesity, alcoholism, or drug abuse are more at risk of getting this infection. The diagnosis is based on the symptoms, medical imaging, and tissue biopsy. The treatment involves surgery to remove the infected tissue, antibiotics to kill the bacteria, and supportive care to prevent complications.

    dermatology-exam

    What are the signs and symptoms of Necrotizing Fasciitis

    The signs and symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis can vary depending on the stage and severity of the infection. According to the sources I found, some of the common signs and symptoms are:

    • A red, warm, or swollen area of skin that spreads quickly
    • Severe pain, including pain beyond the area of the skin that is red, warm, or swollen
    • Fever
    • Ulcers, blisters, or black spots on the skin
    • Changes in the color of the skin
    • Flulike symptoms, such as body aches, sore throat, nausea, diarrhea, and chills

    What are the causes of Necrotizing Fasciitis

    Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare but serious bacterial infection that causes the death of the skin and underlying tissues. It can be caused by different types of bacteria, but the most common cause is group A Streptococcus (GAS), also known as “flesh-eating bacteria”GAS bacteria usually enter the body through a break in the skin, such as a cut, scrape, burn, insect bite, puncture wound, or surgical woundOther types of bacteria that can cause necrotizing fasciitis include Vibrio vulnificus, which live in water, and Staphylococcus aureus, which can cause staph infections. These bacteria can also enter the body through wounds or injuries. People with weak immune systems, diabetes, obesity, alcoholism, or drug abuse are more at risk of getting this infection. Necrotizing fasciitis can spread quickly and can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. The symptoms include severe pain, fever, redness, swelling, blisters, and black spots on the skinThe diagnosis is based on the symptoms, medical imaging, and tissue biopsyThe treatment involves surgery to remove the infected tissue, antibiotics to kill the bacteria, and supportive care to prevent complications.

    FAQ About Necrotizing Fasciitis

    How is necrotizing fasciitis diagnosed?

    The diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis is based on the symptoms, medical imaging, and tissue biopsy. However, diagnosis can be difficult and acting fast is key. Delayed diagnosis and treatment can increase the risk of death and amputation.

    Who is at risk of getting necrotizing fasciitis?

    People with weak immune systems, diabetes, obesity, alcoholism, or drug abuse are more at risk of getting this infection. Other risk factors include cancer, pregnancy, chronic kidney disease, peripheral vascular disease, and malnutrition.

    What are the complications of necrotizing fasciitis?

    Necrotizing fasciitis can cause serious complications such as sepsis (a life-threatening response to infection), shock (a sudden drop in blood pressure), organ failure (when one or more organs stop working properly), gangrene (when tissue dies due to lack of blood flow), scarring (permanent marks on the skin), disfigurement (changes in appearance), and disability (loss of function or ability).

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for Necrotizing Fasciitis?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for Necrotizing Fasciitis to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Measles

    What is Measles

    Measles is a viral infection that affects the respiratory system and causes a red, itchy rash on the skin. It is very contagious and can spread through the air or by direct contact with an infected person. Measles can be prevented by getting vaccinated and can be treated with supportive care and medication to ease the symptoms.

    woman-couch-feeling-sick

    What are the signs and symptoms of Measles

    The signs and symptoms of measles are:

    • High fever, usually above 104°F (40°C), that lasts for four to seven days.
    • Cough, runny nose, sore throat, and inflamed eyes (conjunctivitis).
    • Tiny white spots with bluish-white centers on a red background inside the mouth, also called Koplik’s spots.
    • A red, blotchy rash that starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body over several days

    Measles Complications and Risk Factors for Severe Illness

    Measles is a viral infection that can cause serious and sometimes fatal complications, especially in children and people with weak immune systems. 

    Some of the common complications of measles are:

    • Otitis media: An ear infection that can cause pain, fever, and hearing loss.
    • Bronchopneumonia: A lung infection that can cause cough, difficulty breathing, and chest pain.
    • Laryngotracheobronchitis: An inflammation of the voice box, windpipe, and airways that can cause hoarseness, wheezing, and breathing problems.
    • Diarrhea: A condition that can cause dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and weight loss.
    • Encephalitis: A brain inflammation that can cause seizures, coma, and permanent brain damage.
    • Blindness: A result of eye damage from measles virus or secondary infections.
    • Death: A result of severe complications or organ failure.

    Some of the risk factors for developing severe illness from measles are:

    • Age: Children under 5 years and adults over 20 years are more likely to have complications from measles.
    • Malnutrition: People who are undernourished or lack vitamin A are more prone to measles infections and complications.
    • Immune status: People who have weakened immune systems due to HIV/AIDS, cancer, organ transplant, or other conditions are more susceptible to measles and its complications.
    • Vaccination status: People who are unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated against measles are at higher risk of getting infected and having complications.
    dermatology-consultation

    FAQ About Measles

    How do you get measles?

    You can get measles if you are exposed to the measles virus, which is normally passed through respiratory droplets when an infected person sneezes, coughs, or talks.

    How is measles diagnosed?

    Measles can be diagnosed by a blood test or by examining the rash and other signs.

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for Measles?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for Measles to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Cutaneous Anthrax

    What is Cutaneous Anthrax? 

    Cutaneous anthrax is a type of anthrax infection that affects the skin and tissue around the site of infection. It is caused by a spore-forming bacterium called Bacillus anthracis. It usually enters the body through a cut or scrape on the skin when a person handles infected animals or contaminated animal products. Cutaneous anthrax is the most common and least dangerous form of anthrax, and it can be treated with antibiotics.

    dermatology-exam

    What are the signs and symptoms of  Cutaneous Anthrax?

    The signs and symptoms of cutaneous anthrax are:

    • A group of small blisters or bumps that may itch
    • Swelling around the sore
    • A painless skin sore (ulcer) with a black center that appears after the small blisters or bumps

     

    What are some of the causes of Cutaneous Anthrax?

    Some of the causes of cutaneous anthrax are:

    • Exposure to infected domestic or wild grazing animals or their products, such as wool, hides, or hair.
    • Contact with anthrax spores that enter the body through a cut or scrape on the skin.
    • Biological weapons that release anthrax spores in powder or spray form. However, this is very rare and there has not been an anthrax attack in the United States since 2001.

    What treatments are available at the dermatologist for Cutaneous Anthrax?

    The treatments available at the dermatologist for cutaneous anthrax are mainly antibiotics and antitoxins. Antibiotics are used to kill the anthrax bacteria and prevent them from multiplying and spreading in the body. Antitoxins are used to neutralize the toxins produced by the anthrax bacteria that cause severe illness. Some of the antibiotics that can be used for cutaneous anthrax are ciprofloxacin, doxycycline, and amoxicillinSome of the antitoxins that can be used for inhalation anthrax are raxibacumab and obiltoxaximab. These medications are given in addition to antibiotics and are available to doctors through the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    dermatology-consultation

    FAQ About Cutaneous Anthrax

    How is cutaneous anthrax diagnosed?

     The preferred diagnostic procedure for cutaneous anthrax is staining the ulcer exudate with methylene blue or Giemsa stain, which can differentiate Bacillus anthracis from other bacteria.

    How common is cutaneous anthrax?

    Cutaneous anthrax is the most common form of anthrax infection, accounting for more than 95% of cases worldwide.

    Is cutaneous anthrax contagious?

    There is no evidence that cutaneous anthrax is transmitted from person to person, but it is possible that anthrax skin lesions may be contagious through direct contact or through contact with a contaminated object (fomite). Therefore, it is advisable to avoid touching or sharing personal items with someone who has cutaneous anthrax.

    What are the risk factors for cutaneous anthrax?

    The risk factors for cutaneous anthrax include exposure to infected domestic or wild grazing animals or their products, such as wool, hides, or hair; contact with anthrax spores that enter the body through a cut or scrape on the skin; and biological weapons that release anthrax spores in powder or spray form.

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for Cutaneous Anthrax?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for Cutaneous Anthrax to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Athlete’s Foot

    What is Athlete’s Foot?

    Athlete’s foot is a fungal skin infection that usually affects the area between the toes. It can cause itching, burning, scaling, peeling, and sometimes blisters on the feet. It is contagious and can spread through contact with infected skin or surfaces. Athlete’s foot can be treated with antifungal medications, but it may recur if not prevented.

    athletes-foot

    What are the signs and symptoms of Athlete’s Foot?

    Some of the signs and symptoms of athlete’s foot are:

    • Itching, stinging, and burning between your toes or on the soles of your feet.
    • Scaly, peeling, or cracked skin between the toes, on the bottom of the foot, or on the heel.
    • Blisters on your feet that itch or ooze fluid.
    • Thickened, crumbly, or discolored toenails (in rare cases).

    What are the causes of Athlete’s Foot?

    The causes of athlete’s foot are fungal infections that grow on the skin of the feet. The fungi that cause athlete’s foot are called dermatophytes. They can be spread through direct contact with someone who has the infection, or by touching surfaces that are contaminated with the fungi, such as towels, floors, and shoesThe fungi thrive in warm, moist environments, such as locker rooms, showers, and swimming poolsPeople who sweat a lot, wear tight shoes, or have minor skin injuries on their feet are more likely to get athlete’s foot.

    What treatments are available at the dermatologist for Athlete’s Foot?

    Some of the treatments that are available at the dermatologist for athlete’s foot are:

    • Prescription-strength cream or ointment, such as clotrimazole (Lotrisone), econazole (Ecoza, Spectazole) or ciclopirox (Loprox, Penlac).
    • Prescription antifungal pills, such as terbinafine (Lamisil) or itraconazole (Sporanox, Tolsura).
    • Prescription antifungal cleanser, powder or lotion.
    • Prescription antifungal drugs to prevent recurrence of severe cases.

    These treatments are usually more effective than over-the-counter products and can clear up the infection faster. However, they may also have more side effects and interactions with other medications. You should consult your dermatologist before starting any treatment for athlete’s foot.

    dermatology-consultation

    Athlete’s Foot: Myths and Facts

    • Myth: Only athletes can get athlete’s foot.
    • Fact: Anyone who is exposed to the fungus that causes athlete’s foot can get infected. The fungus likes to grow in warm, moist environments, such as locker rooms, showers, and swimming pools.
    • Myth: Athlete’s foot is the same as jock itch.
    • Fact: Athlete’s foot and jock itch are caused by the same type of fungus (dermatophytes), but they affect different parts of the body. Athlete’s foot affects the feet, while jock itch affects the groin area.
    • Myth: Showering regularly can prevent athlete’s foot.
    • Fact: Showering alone won’t prevent athlete’s foot. You need to dry your feet completely after each shower and avoid sharing towels, socks, or shoes with someone who has athlete’s foot. You should also wear shoes that allow your feet to breathe and change your socks often if you sweat a lot .

    FAQ About Athlete’s Foot

    Who is at risk of getting athlete’s foot?

    Anyone who is exposed to the fungus that causes athlete’s foot can get infected. However, it most commonly affects men and people over the age of 60. You may be more likely to develop athlete’s foot if you have diabetes, obesity, a weakened immune system, tissue damage or wounds on your feet.

    Is athlete’s foot contagious?

    Yes, athlete’s foot is contagious and can spread through direct contact with an infected person or indirect contact with contaminated surfaces or objects. You can also spread it from your feet to other parts of your body, especially if you scratch or pick the infected area.

    Can I get athlete’s foot from my pet?

    Yes, you can get athlete’s foot from your pet if they have a fungal infection on their skin or nails. The same fungus that causes ringworm in animals can also cause athlete’s foot in humans. You should avoid touching your pet’s infected area and wash your hands after handling them. You should also take your pet to the vet for treatment.

    Can I wear nail polish if I have athlete’s foot?

    It is not advisable to wear nail polish if you have athlete’s foot because it can trap moisture and create a favorable environment for the fungus to grow. Nail polish can also prevent the medication from reaching the infected area and interfere with the healing process. You should remove any nail polish from your toenails before starting treatment for athlete’s foot.

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for athlete’s foot?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for Athlete’s Foot to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Folliculitis

    What is Folliculitis?

    Folliculitis is a skin condition characterized by inflammation of one or more hair follicles. It typically presents as red pimple-like bumps around hair follicles and can be caused by various factors including bacteria, fungus, and irritation from shaving or clothing. Folliculitis can be mild or severe, and in some cases, can lead to scarring or permanent hair loss. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and can include topical or oral antibiotics, antifungal medications, or medicated creams.

    skin-with-folliculitis

    What are the causes of Folliculitis?

    Folliculitis can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

    • Bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of bacterial folliculitis.
    • Fungi: Pityrosporum ovale is a yeast that can cause folliculitis.
    • Irritation: Shaving, tight clothing, and friction from skin-to-skin contact can irritate hair follicles and cause folliculitis.
    • Skin conditions: Acne, dermatitis, and other skin conditions can increase the risk of developing folliculitis.
    • Medical procedures: Procedures such as laser hair removal and electrolysis can cause folliculitis.
    • Immune system problems: People with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV or undergoing chemotherapy, are more susceptible to developing folliculitis.
    • Hot tubs: Prolonged exposure to hot tubs and pools with contaminated water can cause pseudomonas folliculitis.

    It’s important to identify and treat the underlying cause of folliculitis to prevent recurring infections and reduce the risk of complications.

    What are the symptoms of Folliculitis?

    The symptoms of folliculitis can include:

    • Pimple-like bumps: The bumps are usually red and may be filled with pus.

    • Itching and tenderness: The affected area may be itchy and tender to the touch.

    • Scaling: The skin around the bumps may appear scaly.

    • Pain: In severe cases, the bumps may be painful.

    • Drainage: The bumps may produce a yellow or white fluid.

    • Scarring: If left untreated, folliculitis can cause scarring and permanent hair loss.

    If you suspect you have folliculitis, it’s important to see a dermatologist or healthcare provider to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The symptoms can be similar to other skin conditions, such as acne or boils, so an accurate diagnosis is important to ensure effective treatment.

    What treatments are available for Folliculitis?

    Treatment options for folliculitis include:

    • Topical Antibiotics: Over-the-counter or prescription creams, ointments, or gels that contain antibiotics such as mupirocin or clindamycin.
    • Oral Antibiotics: Antibiotics taken orally such as doxycycline, minocycline, or erythromycin for severe or recurrent folliculitis.
    • Antiseptics: Over-the-counter or prescription topical agents such as benzoyl peroxide or chlorhexidine that help to reduce bacterial growth.
    • Topical or Oral Corticosteroids: To reduce itching and inflammation in case of an infected folliculitis.
    • Hot Compresses: Applying a warm compress to the affected area can help to reduce inflammation and speed up healing.

    It’s important to note that the choice of treatment depends on the severity and cause of the folliculitis and that a doctor should be consulted for proper diagnosis and treatment.

    dermatology-consultation

    FAQ About Folliculitis

    Is folliculitis contagious?

    Folliculitis can be contagious, but the risk of transmission depends on the underlying cause of the infection.

    How is folliculitis diagnosed?

    Folliculitis is diagnosed through a physical examination and may require a skin culture to identify the underlying cause of the infection.

    Is folliculitis curable?

    Folliculitis can be treated and cured, but the underlying cause of the infection may need to be addressed to prevent recurrence.

    Can folliculitis leave scars?

    Folliculitis can leave scars if the infection is severe or if it is not treated properly.

    What measures can be taken to prevent folliculitis?

    Preventive measures for folliculitis include good hygiene, shaving carefully, avoiding hot tubs and pools, avoiding tight clothing, treating underlying skin conditions, avoiding sharing personal items, and maintaining a healthy immune system.

    When should I see a doctor for folliculitis?

    You should see a doctor if you experience symptoms of folliculitis, if the infection is severe, or if it does not respond to over-the-counter treatments.

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for folliculitis?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for folliculits to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Acne

    What is Acne?

    Acne is a common skin condition that happens when the hair follicles under the skin become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This causes different types of bumps on the skin, such as whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, or cysts. Acne can affect people of all ages, but it is more common in teenagers and young adults. 

    types-of-acne

    What are the signs and symptoms of Acne?

    Some of the signs and symptoms of acne are:

    • Whiteheads: These are closed plugged pores that appear as raised and white or flesh-colored bumps on the skin.
    • Blackheads: These are open plugged pores that look black due to a chemical reaction with oxygen in the air.
    • Pimples: These are inflamed pores that contain pus at their tips. They can be red, tender, or painful.
    • Nodules: These are large, solid, and painful lumps under the skin that result from deep inflammation of the pores.
    • Cysts: These are similar to nodules, but they contain pus and can cause scarring.
    • Acne scars: These are permanent marks on the skin that can result from severe or untreated acne.

    Acne can affect different areas of the body, such as the face, chest, back, and shoulders. Acne can also cause emotional distress and affect one’s self-esteem and quality of life.

     

    What are the causes of Acne?

    The causes of acne are complex and not fully understood. However, some of the main factors that contribute to acne are:

    • Excess oil (sebum) production: Sebum is a natural oil that lubricates and protects the skin. However, when too much sebum is produced, it can mix with dead skin cells and bacteria and clog the pores, leading to acne.
    • Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells: Hair follicles are tiny sacs that contain a hair and an oil gland. When the oil gland produces too much sebum, it can build up in the follicle and trap dead skin cells and bacteria, forming a plug that blocks the pore opening.
    • Bacteria: The bacteria Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) normally live on the skin and help break down excess sebum. However, when the pores are clogged, P. acnes can multiply and cause inflammation and infection in the follicle, resulting in pus-filled pimples.
    • Inflammation: Inflammation is the body’s natural response to injury or infection. However, when inflammation is excessive or chronic, it can damage the skin and cause scarring. Inflammation can also trigger more sebum production and worsen acne.

    Other factors that may influence acne development include hormones, genetics, diet, stress, medications, cosmetics, and environmental factors.

    What Are the Different Types of Acne?

    The different types of acne are classified based on the appearance and severity of the skin lesions. some of the common types of acne are:

    • Whiteheads: These are closed comedones, which are pores that are clogged by oil and dead skin cells. They have a white or flesh-colored surface and are usually small and not inflamed.
    • Blackheads: These are open comedones, which are pores that are clogged by oil and dead skin cells. They have a black or dark surface due to oxidation of the oil and are usually larger and more visible than whiteheads.
    • Papules: These are inflamed bumps that are red, tender, and sometimes painful. They are caused by bacteria, excess oil, and dead skin cells that infect the pore and cause inflammation.
    • Pustules: These are inflamed bumps that are filled with pus. They are also known as pimples or zits. They have a white or yellow center and a red base. They may rupture and leak pus, which can spread the infection to other pores.
    • Nodules: These are large, hard, and painful lumps that form deep under the skin. They are caused by severe inflammation and infection of the pore that damages the surrounding tissue. They can last for weeks or months and may leave scars.
    • Cysts: These are large, soft, and painful lumps that contain pus and blood. They form deep under the skin as a result of severe inflammation and infection of the pore that ruptures the follicle wall. They can also last for weeks or months and may leave scars.

    What treatments are available at the dermatologist for Acne?

    Some of the treatments that are available at the dermatologist for acne are:

    • Topical medications: These are creams, gels, or lotions that you apply to your skin. They can contain different ingredients, such as retinoids, antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid, or salicylic acid. They work by reducing oil production, killing bacteria, preventing clogged pores, or reducing inflammation.
    • Oral medications: These are pills that you take by mouth. They can include antibiotics, oral contraceptives, anti-androgens, or isotretinoin. They work by killing bacteria, regulating hormones, blocking the effect of androgens on oil glands, or reducing oil production and inflammation.
    • Procedures: These are treatments that are performed by a dermatologist in a clinic or office. They can include extraction of pimples, phototherapy, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, laser therapy, or injections of corticosteroids or other substances. They work by removing clogged pores, reducing inflammation, improving skin texture, destroying bacteria, or shrinking large cysts.
    Young woman with acne on face before and after

    The Benefits of Using Retinoids for Acne

    Retinoids are a group of medications derived from vitamin A that can help treat acne and other skin conditions. Some of the benefits of using retinoids for acne are:

    • They can reduce oil production and prevent clogged pores, which are common causes of acne breakouts.
    • They can kill bacteria and reduce inflammation, which can help clear up active acne lesions such as papules and pustules.
    • They can stimulate cell turnover and improve skin texture, which can help fade acne scars and reduce the appearance of wrinkles.

    Retinoids come in different forms, such as creams, gels, or lotions, and different strengths, such as tretinoin, adapalene, or retinol. Depending on your skin type and acne severity, your dermatologist can help you choose the best retinoid product for your condition. However, retinoids can also cause some side effects, such as dryness, peeling, redness, itching, or sun sensitivity. Therefore, it is important to use them as directed and follow proper skin care routines when using retinoids for acne.

    FAQ About Acne

    What is acne and how is it treated by a dermatologist?

    Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It is usually treated by a dermatologist with a combination of over-the-counter and prescription treatments, such as topical creams and gels containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, oral medications, retinoids, and chemical peels.

    What causes acne and can it be prevented by a dermatologist?

    Acne is caused by a combination of factors, including genetics, hormonal changes, and a buildup of oil and bacteria on the skin. Certain medications, such as corticosteroids and lithium, can also cause acne. A dermatologist can recommend skincare routines and products to help prevent acne, such as cleansing the face twice daily with a gentle cleanser and using non-comedogenic makeup and skincare products.

    Can diet affect acne and how can a dermatologist help?

    There is some evidence to suggest that certain foods, such as dairy products and high-glycemic-index foods, may contribute to the development of acne. However, more research is needed to confirm this. A dermatologist can provide personalized dietary recommendations and may refer a patient to a nutritionist for further evaluation and guidance.

    Is it true that chocolate and greasy foods cause acne and what can a dermatologist recommend?

    There is no scientific evidence to support the claim that chocolate and greasy foods cause acne. However, if a patient notices that a particular food seems to trigger breakouts, a dermatologist may recommend avoiding that food to see if it makes a difference.

    Can stress cause acne and how can a dermatologist help?

    Stress can contribute to the development of acne by causing an increase in the hormone cortisol, which can lead to an increase in oil production. A dermatologist may recommend stress-reducing techniques, such as relaxation exercises or therapy, to help manage acne.

    Can acne be cured with home remedies and what does a dermatologist recommend?

    There are many home remedies that are claimed to help treat acne, such as using honey, tea tree oil, and apple cider vinegar. However, it is important to keep in mind that there is limited scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of these remedies. A dermatologist can recommend proven treatments and advise on the safety and effectiveness of any home remedies a patient may be considering.

    Is it okay to pop pimples and what does a dermatologist advise?

    It is generally not recommended to pop pimples, as this can cause the bacteria and oil inside the pimple to spread to other areas of the skin, leading to more breakouts and potentially causing scarring. A dermatologist may advise a patient to leave pimples alone and let them heal on their own, or may perform extractions as part of a treatment plan.

    Can a dermatologist help with acne scarring?

    A dermatologist in Aurora can recommend a variety of treatments for acne scarring, including topical creams, chemical peels, microneedling, and laser therapy. The best treatment option will depend on the type and severity of the scarring.

    Can a dermatologist help with hormonal acne?

    Hormonal acne is caused by an imbalance of hormones, which can be triggered by factors such as puberty, pregnancy, and menopause. A dermatologist in Aurora can recommend treatments, such as oral medications or topical creams, to help regulate hormones and manage hormonal acne.

    Can a dermatologist help with adult acne?

    Yes, a dermatologist can help with adult acne. Adult acne is often caused by a combination of factors, including hormonal changes, stress, and genetics. A dermatologist can evaluate the specific causes of a patient’s adult acne and recommend a treatment plan that may include topical or oral medications, chemical peels, or other treatments. It is important for adults with acne to seek treatment from a dermatologist, as untreated acne can lead to scarring and other long-term skin problems.

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for acne?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offers treatment for acne to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Granuloma

    Granulomas are specialized responses that your skin can develop in reaction to various triggers, such as infections, foreign materials, or other underlying conditions. In this space, we’ll explore what granulomas are, why they occur, and how we can effectively manage them to keep your skin looking and feeling its best.

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    What is Granuloma?

    Granuloma is a type of chronic inflammation that results in the formation of small, nodular masses of tissue. It is caused by an accumulation of immune cells in response to an ongoing irritation, infection or foreign body that the body is unable to eliminate. Granulomas can occur in various parts of the body, such as the skin, lungs, lymph nodes, and liver, and are seen in various medical conditions like tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, Crohn’s disease, and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener’s).

    What are the causes of Granuloma?

    Granulomas can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

    • Infections: Certain bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites can cause granulomas to form. For example, tuberculosis, leprosy, and histoplasmosis can all lead to granuloma formation.
    • Foreign materials: Granulomas may also form in response to foreign materials, such as silicone, suture material, or metal implants.
    • Inflammatory diseases: Certain autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, such as sarcoidosis, Crohn’s disease, and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener’s), can cause granulomas to form.
    • Idiopathic: In some cases, the cause of granulomas is unknown.

    In any case, granulomas form when the immune system is unable to effectively eliminate a stimulus, such as an infection, and instead produces an accumulation of immune cells in response to the ongoing irritation.

    What treatments are available for Granuloma?

    The treatment of granulomas depends on the underlying cause and may include:

    • Medications: Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as corticosteroids, may be used to reduce the size of granulomas and control symptoms. Antibiotics or antifungal medications may also be prescribed if an infection is the cause.
    • Surgery: In some cases, surgical removal of the granuloma may be necessary. This is often the case when the granuloma is causing pain or compressing surrounding structures.
    • Immunosuppressive therapy: For autoimmune and inflammatory diseases that are causing granulomas, immunosuppressive drugs may be prescribed to control the immune response.
    • Observation: In some cases, if the granulomas are not causing symptoms, no treatment may be necessary and observation may be recommended.

    It is important to consult your dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment of granulomas. 

    happy mature woman

    FAQ About Granulomas

    Where do granulomas occur?

    How are granulomas diagnosed?Can granulomas resolve on their own?

    How are granulomas diagnosed?

    Granulomas are typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging studies, and biopsy.

    Can granulomas resolve on their own?

    It depends on the underlying cause and other factors, but some granulomas may resolve on their own without treatment. However, it is important to seek medical attention to determine the best course of action.

    When should I seek medical attention for granulomas?

    You should seek medical attention if you experience symptoms that may be related to granulomas, such as persistent skin rashes, persistent cough, or pain or swelling in a specific area. Early diagnosis and treatment can help minimize the impact of granulomas on your health.

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for granulomas?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for granulomas to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Warts

    What are Warts?

    Warts are small, rough growths on the skin that are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. They can appear anywhere on the body and can have a flat or raised appearance. Warts are generally benign and are usually not a serious health concern, but they can be unsightly or painful in some cases. There are various treatments for warts, including over-the-counter creams, freezing therapy, and prescription medications. It’s important to consult a doctor for the best treatment options for your individual case.

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    What are the causes of Warts?

    Warts are caused by infections with human papillomavirus (HPV), which are highly contagious. They are usually spread through direct contact with the skin of an infected person, or by coming into contact with a surface that has been contaminated with the virus. People with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, are more susceptible to developing warts. Additionally, factors like skin injuries, cuts, and scrapes can increase the likelihood of developing warts, as they can provide an entry point for the virus.

    What are the symptoms of Warts?

    Warts typically appear as raised, flesh-colored growths on the skin that can be smooth or rough in texture. They can be flat or raised, and sometimes they have tiny black dots on the surface, which are small blood vessels. Warts can appear anywhere on the body and may be itchy, painful, or bleed. The symptoms and appearance of warts can vary depending on the type of HPV that caused the infection and the location of the wart. Common wart types include plantar warts (on the feet), flat warts (on the face), and genital warts. It’s important to have any unusual growths on the skin evaluated by a doctor to determine if they are warts or a different condition.

    What treatments are available for Warts?

    There are several treatment options available for warts, including:

    • Over-the-counter topical treatments: These include creams and gels that contain salicylic acid, which can be applied directly to the wart.
    • Cryotherapy: This involves freezing the wart with liquid nitrogen, causing it to blister and eventually fall off.
    • Surgical removal: This involves cutting or burning off the wart, which can be performed by a dermatologist or doctor.
    • Cantharidin: This is a chemical that is applied to the wart to cause a blister, after which the wart can be removed.
    • Electrosurgery: This involves using an electrical current to burn off the wart.
    • Laser therapy: This involves using a laser to destroy the wart.

    How to Help Prevent Warts

    Here are some steps you can take to help prevent warts:

    • Wash your hands frequently: This will help reduce the spread of the human papillomavirus (HPV) which is the virus that causes warts.
    • Keep your skin clean and dry: Warts thrive in moist environments, so keeping your skin clean and dry can help prevent the growth of warts.
    • Don’t bite your nails: Biting your nails can cause tiny cuts in your skin, which can provide an entry point for the virus that causes warts.
    • Avoid sharing personal items: Don’t share towels, razors, or other personal items with others, as these items may be contaminated with the virus.
    • Wear protective footwear: Wear protective footwear, such as sandals or flip flops, in public areas such as locker rooms or swimming pools, where you may come into contact with the virus.
    • Avoid touching warts: If you see a wart on someone else, avoid touching it, as the virus can be transmitted from person to person.

    It’s important to keep in mind that warts can be easily spread, so it’s important to take precautions to help prevent their spread. If you already have warts, it’s important to avoid touching them, as this can spread the virus to other parts of your body or to others.

    dermatology-consultation

    FAQ About Warts

    Can warts be spread from person to person?

    Yes, warts can be spread from person to person through direct contact or through contact with contaminated items such as towels or razors.

    Can warts be painful?

    Warts are typically not painful, but they may become uncomfortable or irritated if they are located in an area that rubs against clothing or footwear.

    Can warts go away on their own?

    Warts can sometimes go away on their own, but it can take several months to several years for this to happen.

    Are warts contagious?

    Yes, warts are contagious and can be spread from person to person through direct contact or through contaminated items.

    Can warts reoccur?

    Yes, warts can reoccur after they have been treated, especially if the person’s immune system is weakened.

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for warts?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for warts to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

    Herpes Simplex Virus

    What is Herpes Simplex Virus?

    Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a viral infection that can cause cold sores (oral herpes) or genital sores (genital herpes). There are two types of herpes simplex virus: HSV-1 and HSV-2.

    HSV-1 is primarily associated with oral herpes and is commonly contracted through contact with infected saliva.

    HSV-2 is primarily associated with genital herpes and is typically transmitted through sexual contact.

    Both types of herpes simplex virus can be spread from person to person, and once contracted, the virus remains in the body for life, lying dormant until it is reactivated. When reactivated, the virus can cause outbreaks of sores, although many people with herpes do not experience symptoms or only have mild symptoms.

    Herpes simplex virus is a highly contagious infection and can be spread even when sores are not present. It’s important to practice safe sex and good hygiene to reduce the risk of transmission.

    dermatology-exam

    What are the causes of Herpes simplex virus?

    Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2).

    HSV-1 is primarily associated with oral herpes and is commonly contracted through contact with infected saliva, such as through kissing or sharing drinking utensils.

    HSV-2 is primarily associated with genital herpes and is typically transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

    Once contracted, the virus remains in the body for life, lying dormant until it is reactivated. The exact triggers that cause the virus to reactivate are not fully understood, but stress, illness, hormonal changes, and certain medications can all contribute.

    It is important to note that herpes simplex virus is highly contagious and can be spread even when sores are not present.

    What are the symptoms of Herpes Simplex Virus?

    The symptoms of herpes simplex virus (HSV) can vary depending on whether it is causing oral herpes (cold sores) or genital herpes. Some common symptoms of herpes simplex virus include:

    • Cold sores (oral herpes): Painful blisters or sores on the lips, mouth, tongue, or face. These sores may be accompanied by itching, burning, or tingling.
    • Genital herpes: Painful blisters or sores on the genital area, anus, thigh, or buttocks. These sores may be accompanied by itching, burning, or tingling.
    • Flu-like symptoms: Fever, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue can occur before the appearance of blisters or sores.
    • Painful urination: Burning or pain while urinating can occur during outbreaks of genital herpes.

    It’s important to note that some people with herpes simplex virus do not experience any symptoms, or only have mild symptoms, but can still spread the virus to others. If you experience symptoms of herpes, it’s important to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

    What treatments are available for Herpes Simplex Virus?

    There is currently no cure for herpes simplex virus (HSV), but there are treatments available to help manage the symptoms and reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks. Some common treatments for herpes simplex virus include:

    • Antiviral medications: Antiviral medications such as acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir can help reduce the severity and frequency of outbreaks and can also reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to others.
    • Topical creams: Topical creams containing numbing agents, such as lidocaine, can help relieve pain and discomfort during outbreaks of genital herpes.
    • Pain relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help relieve pain and discomfort during outbreaks.
    • Suppressive therapy: For people with frequent outbreaks, suppressive therapy with antiviral medications can help reduce the frequency of outbreaks.

    It’s important to consult a dermatologist or healthcare provider for the best treatment options for your individual needs. Early treatment can help reduce the severity and duration of outbreaks.

    female-patient-listening-dermatologist

    How to Help Prevent Herpes Simplex Virus?

    There are several steps you can take to help reduce the risk of contracting herpes simplex virus (HSV) and to prevent the spread of the virus to others:

    • Practice safe sex: Use condoms and practice safe sex to reduce the risk of transmission of genital herpes.
    • Avoid close contact: Avoid close contact, such as kissing, with people who have active cold sores.
    • Wash your hands: Wash your hands regularly and avoid touching your eyes, mouth, and nose, especially during outbreaks.
    • Avoid sharing personal items: Avoid sharing personal items such as towels, razors, and utensils with others to reduce the risk of transmission.
    • Avoid close contact with newborns: If you have active cold sores, avoid close contact with newborns and infants.
    • Maintain good hygiene: Practice good hygiene and regularly clean and disinfect any surfaces that may have come into contact with the virus to reduce the risk of transmission.
    • Use antiviral medications: If you have been diagnosed with herpes simplex virus, using antiviral medications as directed can help reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks and reduce the risk of transmission to others.

    It’s important to remember that herpes simplex virus is highly contagious and can be spread even when sores are not present.

    FAQ About Herpes Simplex Virus?

    How long does it take for HSV symptoms to appear?

    The incubation period for HSV can range from 2 to 12 days after exposure.

    How is HSV diagnosed?

    A healthcare provider can diagnose HSV through a physical examination, visual inspection, and laboratory testing.

    Can HSV cause long-term health problems?

    In some cases, HSV can lead to more serious health problems, such as encephalitis or genital ulcers, which can cause long-term physical and emotional distress.

    Is there a dermatologist near me in Aurora that offers treatment for Herpes Simplex Virus?

    Yes. At our Aurora dermatology office we offer treatment for Herpes Simplex Virus to patients from Aurora and the surrounding area. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.